JD | Juris Doctor

JD Outcomes

The program learning outcomes of the Juris Doctor degree program are:


Communicate an idea or argument in a format appropriate to the legal field after developing, synthesizing and organizing complex information, cases, rules or statutes.

Critical Thinking

Evaluate evidence carefully by discriminating among degrees of credibility, accuracy, and inferences drawn from given data or facts; assessing the strengths and relevance of arguments on a particular question or issue; evaluating information/facts in light of the law/evidence so as to understand legal reasoning and by determining whether certain conclusions or consequences are supported by the information provided.

Cultural and Social Understanding

Acquire an appreciation for social and cultural dimensions of the law and evaluating its application and impact in modern society.

Information Literacy

Demonstrate the ability to locate necessary information, evaluate sources critically, and incorporate selected information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.

Personal Development

Integrate formal academic learning with personal experiences so that learning is meaningful, personalized, and relates to personal or professional goals.

Scientific Reasoning

Adhere to a self-correcting system of inquiry (the scientific method) and rely on empirical evidence using logical reasoning to distinguish non-scientific or non-legal but relevant arguments, to describe, understand, predict, and control natural phenomena.

Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues

Demonstrate competency in ethical, legal and professional issues and make decisions that meet professional responsibility standards in the legal field.

Additional Content Specific Competencies
Legal Knowledge and Principles

Acquire an advanced knowledge of traditional fields of law and other areas of the law to gain an integrated understanding and application of legal principles, to understand the qualifications, limitations of the law and to pass the State Bar of California exams.

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